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Ischaemic mitral regurgitation

Ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a frequent complication after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) associated with a worse prognosis.

The pathophysiological mechanisms of IMR are not fully understood, but it is known that it is a complex process in which ventricular remodelling is the main causal factor. Echocardiography has contributed significantly to clarifying the mechanisms that cause and progressively aggravate IMR. The purpose of this review is to provide the most relevant information about the causal mechanisms and to analyse the current role of echocardiography in the diagnosis and risk stratification of patients with IMR.

Izquierdo-Gómez MM et al. Ischaemic mitral valve regurgitation. E-Journal of Cardiology Practice2018;  16(12)  - 30 May 2018